By Kenneth Button (editor)
This concise and obviously targeted Dictionary, with contributions via the top experts of their fields, brings order and readability to a subject which may be afflicted by confusion over terminology and ideas. It presents a bridge among the educational disciplines concerned and illustrates the appliance of transportation coverage that crosses quite a few administrative divisions. slicing via jargon, the entries pay attention to the social technological know-how elements of transportation research, defining a number of the phrases utilized in transportation, and supplying precious info on many of the significant associations and applied sciences affecting this area This concise and complete Dictionary can be a useful addition to libraries and examine institutes and a invaluable source for someone with an curiosity within the research of delivery.
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Extra info for A dictionary of transport analysis
Measures to support public transport are generally seen as the most acceptable and effective of all pull measures, while fiscal measures such as road pricing, parking charges and fuel taxes are seen as the least acceptable of push measures. The cost of pull measures, however, are generally more expensive to implement than push measures: most requiring capital investment, often on an ongoing basis, while push measures are often low-cost or can even be used to raise revenue. Public support for all mechanisms for funding transport policies is limited, which means that while pull measures are seen as more acceptable, there is often little public enthusiasm for paying for them out of the public purse.
Bryant (2001). The effect of barge and ocean freight price volatility in international grain markets. Agricultural Economics 25, 41–58. A. W. Fuller (2007). Price dynamics in US grain and freight markets. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 55, 381–97. Henry Vega air quality In addition to its targeted primary effects, transportation also has unwanted side-effects, negative externalities. One of the major side-effects is caused by exhaust emissions produced by the motors of vehicles. Transportation produces a number of emissions with varying degrees of adverse impact.
It is thus questionable whether this holds true for privatized airports, but for public airports it may certainly be true, for instance when landing fees are below the market price and cost. In the two concepts considered, airports can both be public and private, but it has already been mentioned that strategies are different for public and private airports. In the past, airports were usually seen as public entities of national importance, maybe even a public nuisance of national importance. Airports were important because of the economic impact and strategic value.