By Christopher Hamlin
A technological know-how of Impurity is the 1st precise background of the mobilization of chemistry (and later bacteriology) to fulfill the general public call for for solid water. It additionally deals a viewpoint on realizing how sleek actual sciences are tapped to make sure public reliable.
A technological know-how of Impurity explores the social framework within which chemists got here to paintings on difficulties of water caliber, the suggestions they used to review the surroundings, their conclusions and their position in facing a anxious public.
For historians of technology, researchers and planners within the water undefined.
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Additional info for A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain
D. at St Andrews in 1814 and was an external lecturer in chemistry, materia medica, and pharmacy at Edinburgh. He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Geological Society of London, and an anti-Huttonian in geology. As a chemist, he was evidently a popular teacher and authored two texts, Elements of Chemistry and A System of Chemistry, each of which went through multiple editions. Murray was also one of the main British exponents of the unorthodox chemistry of C L Berthollet, and it was his interpretation and application of Berthollet's chemistry that posed so serious a threat to conventional mineral water analysis.
2 R S Surtees, Handley Cross or Mr. Jorrocks's Hunt (New York: Viking Press, 1930), pp 34-5. See also George Eliot, Felix Holt, the Radical (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1909), v 1, pp 64-5. 3 Charles Perry, An Account of an Analysis of the Stratford Mineral Water, p 3; William Saunders, Treatise on Mineral Waters, p iii; Robert Bud, 'The Discipline of Chemistry,' pp 56-7. 4 A B Anderson and M D Anderson, Vanishing Spas; P J Neville Havins, The Spas of England; P J Waller, Town, City, and Nation: England 1850-1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983), pp 133-4; T B Dudley, From Chaos to the Charter; Saunders, Treatise on Mineral Waters, pp iv, 110-11, 209.
69 This convention was established in a series of analyses begun in the late 1840s by advanced students at the Royal College of Chemistry, under the direction of A W Hofmann, the Liebig student who headed the college. 70 Those who chose not to follow it might be obliged to explain themselves. In an 1861 analysis Augustus Voeckler pointedly explained why he had 'deviated from the ordinary mode of uniting acids and bases' in listing carbonic acid as combined with potash rather than with an earth.