Download Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo PDF

By Barnabas Gikonyo

Due to their excessive development cost, algae, microalgae, and aquatic crops have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel construction. Advances in Biofuel creation: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel construction and bioengineering and considers from an international context the evolving methods of algal biofuel construction. The ebook seems to be at how biomass, in particular sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are precise first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the construction of gasoline. The feasibility of such initiatives, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel creation are presented.

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Extra info for Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants

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Algae Species Gas CO2 (%) Productivity Refs. Chlorella sp. 68 /day [53] Chlorella sp. 45 /day [53] Chlorella sp. 90 /day [53] Chlorella sp. 11 /day [53] C. 50 g/L/day [46] Spirulina sp. 14 g/L/day [50] Spirulina sp. 22 g/L/day [50] Spirulina sp. 17 g/L/day [50] S. 04 g/L/day [50] S. 10 g/L/day [50] S. 4 COMPARISON OF OPEN PONDS AND PHOTOBIOREACTORS The two main methods of infrastructure considered suitable for cultivation of algae are open (raceway) ponds or photo-bioreactors (PBRs) [55], and are compared in Table 3.

The traditional liquid acid and alkali catalyst are called homogeneous catalysts because they act in the same liquid phase as the reaction mixture. Due to their simple usage and less time required for lipids conversion, the homogeneous catalysts dominate the biodiesel industry. However, the transesterification catalyzed by homogeneous catalysts needs high purity feedstock and complicated downstream processing [49], so high efficiency and low pollution catalysts such as solid acid catalysts, solid alkali catalysts, enzyme catalyst, supercritical catalyst systems and ionic liquid catalysts are receiving increasing attentions.

11 Tetraselmis maculata 8 Tetraselmis sueica 15–23 7 8 Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants nutumcan to allow the alga to grow on exogenous glucose in the absence of light. This represents progress of large-scale commercial production of microalgae with high lipid content by reducing limitations associated with light-dependent growth. In addition, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) is closely related to the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway because of the inhibition of PEPC activity redounding to catalyse acetyl-CoA to enter the fatty acid synthesis pathway.

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