By Peter L. Bernstein
A company Week, big apple occasions enterprise, and united states this present day Bestseller
"Ambitious and readable . . . an attractive creation to the oddsmakers, whom Bernstein regards as precise humanists aiding to liberate mankind from the choke holds of superstition and fatalism." -The manhattan Times
"An terribly interesting and informative book." -The Wall road Journal
"A energetic panoramic e-book . . . opposed to the Gods units up an formidable premise after which can provide on it." -Business Week
"Deserves to be, and without doubt can be, generally read." -The Economist
"[A] tough ebook, person who might switch perpetually the best way humans take into consideration the world." -Worth
"No one else may have written a booklet of such vital significance with rather a lot allure and excitement." -Robert Heilbroner writer, The Worldly Philosophers
"With his terrific wisdom of the background and present manifestations of possibility, Peter Bernstein brings us opposed to the Gods. not anything love it will pop out of the monetary global this yr or ever. I communicate rigorously: not anyone may still pass over it." -John Kenneth Galbraith Professor of Economics Emeritus, Harvard University
during this specific exploration of the position of danger in our society, Peter Bernstein argues that the inspiration of bringing hazard below keep an eye on is likely one of the important principles that distinguishes sleek instances from the far-off previous. opposed to the Gods chronicles the extraordinary highbrow experience that liberated humanity from oracles and soothsayers via the strong instruments of threat administration which are to be had to us today.
"An tremendous readable historical past of risk." -Barron's
"Fascinating . . . this not easy quantity can assist you know the uncertainties that each investor needs to face." -Money
"A singular achievement." -Times Literary Supplement
"There's a growing to be marketplace for savants who can render the recondite intelligibly-witness Stephen Jay Gould (natural history), Oliver Sacks (disease), Richard Dawkins (heredity), James Gleick (physics), Paul Krugman (economics)-and Bernstein could mingle good of their company." -The Australian
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Extra info for Against the gods
5. Hence, a perfect hedging from interest risk would imply that all marginal gaps, even for very short time periods, be equal to zero. A bank should therefore equate all daily marginal gaps to zero (that is, the maturity of all assets and liabilities should be perfectly matched, with every asset facing a liability of equal value and duration). Given a bank’s role in transforming maturities, such a requirement would be completely unrealistic. Moreover, although many banks have information on marginal gaps relating to very short sub-periods, still they prefer to manage and hedge only a small set of gaps relative to certain standard periods (say: 0–1 month, 1–3 months, 3–6 months, 6–12 months, 1–3 years, 3–5 years, 5–10 years, 10–30 years, over 30 years).
7). 6 below. 12 Total WWW. 3). 1 Duration as a weighted average of maturities The duration of a ﬁnancial instrument is calculated by taking the average of cash-ﬂow maturities associated with it, where every maturity is weighted according to the ratio between the present value of the cash-ﬂow for a given maturity and the price (or total market value) of the ﬁnancial instrument. Calculated this way, duration represents a risk indicator that takes into account both the instrument’s residual life (given the same interest ﬂows, assets with a higher residual life are more sensitive to changes in interest rates) and the amount of intermediate ﬂows (given the same residual life, assets with lower coupons are more sensitive to changes in market rates).
After brieﬂy covering the logic behind a mark-to-market accounting system, this chapter focuses on the concept of a ﬁnancial instrument’s duration and application of this concept to a bank’s assets and liabilities. This is followed by an analysis of the duration gap concept and its use as a tool to measure and manage interest rate risk. The chapter ends with a review of the assumptions underlying the duration gap model and its limitations. 1. For simplicity’s sake assume that both the mortgage and certiﬁcates of deposit have just been issued and call for a one-time repayment of capital at maturity.