By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for the Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II
The software supervisor for Assembled Chemical guns evaluation (PMACWA) of the dep. of safety (DOD) asked the nationwide examine Council (NRC) to evaluate the engineering layout reviews (EDSs) constructed through Parsons/Honeywell and basic Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to fully do away with the assembled chemical guns on the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. to complete the duty, the NRC shaped the Committee on evaluation and assessment of different applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns: section II (ACW II Committee). This record provides the result of the committee's medical and technical evaluate, with a purpose to help the workplace of the Secretary of security in making a choice on the expertise package deal for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo.
The committee evaluated the engineering layout programs proposed by means of the know-how prone and the linked experimental stories that have been played to validate unproven unit operations. an important a part of the trying out software concerned increasing the know-how base for the hydrolysis of lively fabrics linked to assembled guns. This strategy used to be a priority expressed via the Committee on assessment and overview of other applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns (ACW I Committee) in its unique document in 1999 (NRC, 1999). the current learn came about because the experimental stories have been in growth. on occasion, assessments for a number of the aiding unit operations weren't accomplished in time for the committee to include effects into its review. In these situations, the committee pointed out and mentioned power areas of difficulty in those operations. in accordance with its services and its competitive data-gathering actions, the committee was once in a position to behavior a complete assessment of the try info that have been accomplished for the final procedure layout. This record summarizes the study.
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Extra info for Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot (The Compass series)
Confined burning, a process in which the gaseous and condensed products of combustion can be captured and treated before release, is being used at some sites around the country. Hydrolysis of energetics as a means of disposal is being used at the Hawthorne Army Depot. , Eglin Air Force Base and Strauss Avenue Thermal Treatment Plant) to destroy energetic materials, but these technologies are not an integral part of DOD’s plan for the demilitarization of obsolete munitions. CAUSTIC HYDROLYSIS OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS Caustic hydrolysis of energetic materials has been investigated as an alternative technology to the OB/OD method.
Nitro compounds, nitramines, and nitrate esters) can be effectively and safely converted to nonenergetic products by the action of caustic at elevated temperature (Bonnett, 2001). However, the colocation of operations involving chemical agents and explosives increases the safety concerns raised by any operation involving energetics. Under normal circumstances, process upsets and deviations from standard operating procedures occasionally lead to unplanned explosions or detonations. For this reason, stringent regulations have been promulgated to isolate other operations from explosives-handling operations.
On the basis of the final schedule for the Pueblo EDS testing by the technology providers, the original delivery date of March 2001 was extended to July 15, 2001. This report will be produced in time to contribute to the Record of Decision (ROD) by the Office of the Secretary of Defense on a technology selection for the Pueblo site, which is scheduled for August 13, 2001, following satisfaction of NEPA requirements. Because not all of the experimental test results in support of the EDPs were available as this report was being prepared, the committee was not able to review and evaluate them.