By Oskar Hippe
My experiment, Non OCR'd, 300DPI
Originally released as '... und unsere Fahn' ist rot' by way of Junius Verlag GmbH, Hamburg, 1979
Review through Martin Empson wrote:
The lifetime of Oskar Hippe is an engaging one for Marxists and innovative socialists this day. As a tender employee in German in the course of global battle One, he grew to become a socialist, changing into concerned about anti-war protests as early as 1916. Later he may sign up for the Spartakist League, the agency setup via Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, yet no longer being dependent in Berlin for a lot of the interval, following his conscription within the latter phases of the struggle, he ignored a number of the key debates and battles of the early German Revolution. still his eyewitness debts are unique,
On the eve of one could 1916, my brother-in-law informed me that we'd no longer started working tomorrow, because the staff may all be becoming a member of an anti-war demonstration at the Potsdamer Platz. We went there on the particular time. 10000 staff had accrued within the sq., and Karl Liebknecht spoke to them from the platform of the Potsdam neighborhood station. i don't understand how lengthy Liebknecht have been talking whilst the police arrived. they can no longer do something first and foremost; the gang avoided them from getting as much as the platform. a growing number of detachments have been despatched in, together with fixed police who rode into the group with huge, immense brutality. For a time, the demonstrators submit resistance, and plenty of policemen have been knocked off their horses.
Along together with his unit, Oskar Hippe successfully mutinied and went domestic have been he grew to become centrally concerned with the progressive pursuits in his domestic sector of Halle. The e-book describes the dimensions of the revolution and the impression of the deaths of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, in addition to the swift emergence of the counter-revolutionary troops of the Freikorps.
As the Twenties constructed, Hippe turned a big activist within the German Communist get together (KPD). He used to be usually distinctive via the proper and the experts. usually blacklisted for alternate union job, the interval turns into ruled via the struggles in the Russian enterprise. Hippe describes the failure of the 1923 flow while revolution used to be might be at the playing cards, however the green Communist get together sounded the retreat on orders from Moscow. From then on his narrative turns into more and more formed by means of the conflict with the Stalinist wing of the KPD.
The post-revolutionary interval can be marked by means of the expansion of the fascist flow. something that struck me studying the autobiography was once that violence, or the specter of violence, used to be a regular fact for socialists. The socialists spoke back by means of arming themselves and being ready to struggle again, however it is striking that this violence was once a great deal approximately protecting and preserving the employer, it's activists and permitting their deliberate job to proceed. This wasn't scuffling with for the sake of battling, yet within the pursuits of establishing socialist corporation. on the finish of the Nineteen Twenties Hippe breaks with the Stalinist KPD, and with many others works to construct a brand new "Trotskyist" celebration. For a few readers this can look like part of the publication ruled through arguments one of the left, yet Hippe explains that this was once approximately attempting to maintain the innovative culture alive in a interval the place the increase of fascism is a true prospect, yet with a big and strong German operating category nonetheless unbroken.
With Hitler's victory, Hippe's workforce is pressured underground and at last he's imprisoned, serving decades of brutality and violence. finally he's set free and works at the northern coast of Germany, attempting to make a couple of contacts with staff and discussing politics with captured prisoners of battle. Hippe and his comrades bravery is phenomenal during this interval of adverse, harmful underground paintings. this is often no guide for this task, yet you get a feeling of the risks and problems, in addition to the frustrations. curiously Hippe and his comrades believed that Fascism couldn't be over-thrown by means of German staff, who have been now to vulnerable, yet will be over-thrown via defeat in an international struggle. It used to be a correct, if pessimistic outlook.
Hippe then confronted renewed persecution lower than the Stalinists. preliminary hopes new mass socialist employer will be outfitted after the tip of the conflict bring about another interval of splits, inner arguments and at last underground paintings. Hippe as soon as spent years imprisoned for being a "Trotskyist counter-revolutionary", and needed to watch as others, together with collaborators with the Nazi regime turned senior figures within the East Germany state.
At the top of the booklet, Hippe's wish for the innovative over-throw of capitalism stay undiminished. It leads to 1979, notwithstanding Hippe lived lengthy adequate to work out the autumn of the Berlin Wall. Hippe used to be an activist in the course of the Nineteen Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies, observed the beginning of a brand new stream and the emergence of a brand new left. all through he remained unswerving to the important tenets of Marxism, and the information of Lenin and Trotsky, believing that the overthrow of capitalism needed to be the act of the total operating class.
For these attracted to the background of the left, in addition to the German Revolution and the overseas Communist circulation this can be a interesting booklet, possibly marred through what appears like a clunky translation. Hippe's account could be detailed and its worthy searching for this publication.
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Additional info for . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement
Panzer-Regiment 5 transferred its 6th Company to help form Panzer-Regiment 15; half of the 8th Company was transferred to the Gunnery School at Putlos. 26 Panzer-Regiment 6 was also tasked with reassigning some of its elements. /Panzer-Regiment 10, 9 officers and 355 enlisted personnel were sent to distant East Prussia from Neuruppin. Just a few weeks after that, the regiment had to give up its 5th Company to help in the formation of Panzer-Regiment 31 in Jägerdorf (Silesia). In November 1937, new recruits again arrived at all of the garrisons of the division.
It was not until the national radio service announced that German forces had entered the demilitarized Rhineland on 7 March that the soldiers of the division knew that their exercises at the Senne Training Area had served an important military purpose. Like all of the other motorized formations assembled at Senne, the division had been earmarked to defend against any potential attack by the western powers, which might have felt threatened by the occupation of the Rhineland. Fortunately, an “emergency situation” did not arise.
It was only in the places where there was a purely Czech element, such as around Vresina-Pist, that the relations were cool. Small acts of sabotage were quickly identified and the damages fixed. The bivouac life was not of long duration. The division started moving back by 20 October. The division transferred its sector to Silesian elements of the VIII. Armee-Korps. The way back home lead through Tropau and Breslau and then along the Autobahn to Berlin. The troop elements and formations returned to their garrisons between 23 and 27 October and were greeted enthusiastically.